ISRO’s Chandrayaan 2 mission is one of the most complex ones to have ever been attempted by ISRO.
It was launched on July 22, 2019 by ISRO on its most powerful launcher GSLV-Mk III, from Satish Dhawan Space Centre in Andhra Pradesh’s Sriharikota at 2:43 PM.
The Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) Thursday released the first image of the Moon captured by Chandrayaan-2, which moved into a lower orbit around the Moon on Wednesday.
The picture was taken at a height of about 2650 km from the Lunar surface. The agency also said that Mare Orientale basin and Apollo craters were identified in the picture. The first Moon image was taken on August 21 by Vikram Lander. It entered the lunar orbit on August 20.
Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) said the spacecraft was functioning normally. Meanwhile, the crucial process of taking up the soft landing of the lander ‘Vikram’ onboard the Chandrayaan-2 spacecraft will be taken up in the early hours of September 7, ISRO Chairman K Sivan said on Thursday.
Chandrayaan-2 is currently flying in an elliptical orbit of 118 kms x 4412 kms around the moon. The closest Chandrayaan-2 comes to the moon orbit is 118 kms and the farthest is 4412 kms.
If all goes to plan, this indigenously made and operated lunar mission will make India only the fourth nation in the world — behind US, Russia and China — to have reached the surface of the Moon. However, what will make it truly special is that it will also be the first space mission to land on the south polar region — the dark side of the Moon.
India became the first country in the world to send a probe successfully to the moon in the very first attempt by launching Chandrayaan 1 in October 2008. The Chandrayaan 1 discovered water on the moon, and with this second launch hoping to uncover more mysteries of the moon.